Rainbow Trout
Oncorhynchus Mykiss
Average Stream Size
Length:10 in. to 16 in. Weight: 2 to 6 lbs.
Rainbow trout are native to the Pacific Ocean and fresh waters of western North America. They naturally range from Mexico to Alaska and inland to the Rockies. However, they have been widely introduced throughout the world, and now occur across central North America to the eastern coast. Rainbow trout were first introduced to Atlantic Canada in the late 1800s.

Brown Trout
Salmo Trutta
Average Stream Size
Length: 8 in. to 14 in. Weight: 2 to 4 lbs.
For centuries before the discovery of rainbows, cutthroats, and brookies, when people went “trout” fishing, they went brown trout fishing. Native to Europe, browns were first formally stocked in the United States on April 11, 1884 in Michigan’s Pere Marquette River. Today they can be caught in the Northeast, the Appalachians, the Upper Midwest, and the mountainous regions of the West.

Brook Trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Average Size
Length: 6 in. to 8 in. Weight: 1/4 to 1/2 lbs.
The brook trout is regarded, as one of North America’s most beautiful native fish species. In the Southern Appalachians, locals call them “specks.” Recent genetic studies suggest that the native brook trout found in the Southern Appalachians, including the mountains of western North Carolina, may be a separate subspecies of the brook trout found farther north.


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